Bone Mineral Density Pdf

You receive more radiation from a chest x-ray. How the Test is Performed. Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become thin and weak, increasing your risk for fractures broken bones. Strong bones are important for your health. Your provider can tell you more about this.

How the Test is Performed

Bone mineral density test MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Bone density measurements are used to screen people for osteoporosis risk and to identify those who might benefit from measures to improve bone strength. The resulting comparison is used to determine risk for fractures and the stage of osteoporosis if any in an individual. At first, you may find it difficult to understand your bone density test results. There is a statistical association between poor bone density and higher probability of fracture. These include eating foods rich in calcium and vitamin D and doing weight-bearing exercise such as walking, tennis, or dancing.


In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Get the Facts Osteoporosis Home Page. The density of these bones is then compared with an average index based on age, sex, and size. The following are risk factors for low bone density and primary considerations for the need for a bone density test.

Most experts feel that the risk is very low compared with the benefits of finding osteoporosis before you break a bone. Scores indicate the amount one's bone mineral density varies from the mean. The lower your bone mass measurement, amendments in indian constitution till date pdf the greater your risk for fracture.

What Abnormal Results Mean. What is a T-score and what does it mean? Bone density scan Osteoporosis Osteoporosis. Why the Test is Performed. Bone Density National Institutes of Health.

Bone Mineral Density Testing

With either score, a negative number means you have thinner bones than average. How to Prepare for the Test.

Prevention and Risk Factors. There are two scores used by experts to interpret your bone density test results, the T-score and the Z-score. Clinician's guide to prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. This test helps your health care provider detect osteoporosis and predict your risk for bone fractures.

Bone Mineral Density Testing

The measurement is painless and non-invasive and involves low radiation exposure. Treatment recommendation depends on your total fracture risk.

Bone mineral density testing does not diagnose fractures. Bone mineral density uses a slight amount of radiation. It compares your bone density, or mass, to that of a healthy person who is the same age and sex as you are.

Bone Mineral Density

How the Test is Performed

What is a Z-score and what does it mean? If you have low bone mass, there are things you can do to help slow down bone loss. Your health care provider can determine whether you are losing bone by comparing the initial and repeat bone density test results. In most cases, you do not need to undress.

The chart below will help you determine what your T score means. The more negative the number, the higher your risk for a bone fracture. The first and most important step is to determine if you are at risk for osteoporosis see risk factors for osteoporosis.

It will tell you if you have a low bone mass or osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a silent disease. The Bisphosphonates Consumers Union of U. If you are or could be pregnant, tell your provider before this test is done.

Canadian Medical Association Journal. There is not full agreement on whether men should undergo this type of testing.

Bone density

University of Washington Bone Physics. These machines are in health care offices, pharmacies, shopping centers, and at health fairs. Physiology of bone and cartilage.

Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. The scanner passes over your lower spine and hip. Bone density testing can be done in several ways. Along with other risk factors you may have, it helps predict your risk for having a bone fracture in the future.

Measurements are most commonly made over the lumbar spine and over the upper part of the hip. Bone density tests are not necessary for people without risk factors for weak bones. In this setting, it is helpful to scrutinize for coexisting illnesses or treatments that may contribute to osteoporosis such as glucocorticoid therapy, hyperparathyroidism, or alcoholism. Bone mineral density test. You need to remain still during the test.

Dual x-ray absorptiometry and measurement of bone. What is osteoporosis and how is it diagnosed?

Medical Encyclopedia Also in Spanish. Osteoporosis can also be diagnosed if you have a history of fractures broken bones without trauma. Your health care provider will monitor your bone health and discuss the steps you need to take to protect your bones. Your provider will help you understand the results.

The following information should help you understand what your test results mean but you should always discuss your results with your health care provider. Osteoporosis and bone biology. The Z-score is the comparison to the age-matched normal and is usually used in cases of severe osteoporosis. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

See, Play and Learn No links available. The T-score is the relevant measure when screening for osteoporosis. American College of Radiology. Not everyone who has low bone mass gets osteoporosis, but they are at higher risk for getting it.